Point-of-care Flu Microchip Test Performs Well in Trial PDF Print E-mail
CIDRAP News, Wednesday 28 March 2012

A point-of-care prototype microchip test performed better in detecting flu than other rapid tests and as well as common lab tests, according to a recent study in PLoS One. Boston University scientists tested a single-use microfluidic chip they developed that integrates solid-phase extraction and molecular amplification via reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to amplify the RNA of influenza type A viruses. After testing 146 specimens, they reported 96% sensitivity (95% confidence interval [CI], 89%-99%) and 100% specificity (95% CI, 95%-100%) compared with conventional RT-PCR. The positive predictive value was 100% (95% CI, 94%-100%) and the negative predictive value was 96% (95% CI, 88%-98%).


State of the Climate 2012 PDF Print E-mail
CSIRO media release, Wednesday 14 March 2012

Australia's land and oceans have continued to warm in response to rising CO2 emissions from the burning of fossil fuels.

This is the headline finding in the State of the Climate 2012, an updated summary of Australia's long term climate trends released by CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology today (14 March 2012).

CSIRO Chief Executive, Dr Megan Clark, said the latest analysis painted a clear decade-to-decade picture of Australia's climate, while at the same time noting its highly variable nature from one year to the next. "Much of Australia may have lurched from drought to floods since the previous State of the Climate, but this has occurred against a backdrop of steadily increasing air and ocean temperatures and rising sea levels. What's more, the rate of change is increasing.


FAO Monitors Pigs, Poultry and Waterfowl in Hot Spots for Influenza
FAO, Tuesday 13 March 2012

FAO recently launched projects in four Asian countries to step up defenses against influenza by moving beyond a focus on domestic poultry to instead address a range of threats posed by the ever closer mingling of humans, wild animals and, especially, livestock animals, and the potentially devastating influenza viruses they share.

Ten Key Messages from the Pro-Poor HPAI Risk Reduction Project in Southeast Asia PDF Print E-mail
FAO AGA, Tuesday 9 November 2010

Since its emergence, highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 (H5N1 HPAI) has attracted considerable public and media attention because the viruses involved cause fatal disease in animals and humans. In order to improve local and global capacity for evidence-based decision making on the control and management of H5N1 HPAI as well as other high-impact diseases with epidemic potential, the UK Department of International Development (DFID) funded a collaborative, multidisciplinary Pro-Poor HPAI Risk Reduction research project for Southeast Asia and Africa. FAO is a partner in this project. This short article summarizes ten key messages arising after three years of project implementation in the Greater Mekong Sub-region.

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